Categories
Festival

Guru Nanak Dev ji When is Guru Nanak’s Birthday?

Guru Nanak Dev ji When is Guru Nanak’s Birthday?

Guru Nanak Sahib, the founder of Sikhism and the first Sikh Guru, Was Made on 15th April 1469 in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi at the current district of Shekhupura (Pakistan), Nanakana Sahib.
In India, this afternoon may also be known as Guru Nanak Gurpurb. It is a gazetted holiday in many nations and Indian stocks, bonds, and currency markets are closed.
The Birthday of Guru Nanak Sahib falls upon Kartik Puranmashi, the full moon day of this month Kartik (usually November).

Guru Nanak’s Birthday Tuesday, 12 November 2019

Also Read: Ganesh Chaturthi 2019 How to Celebrate

Who was Guru Nanak?

Guru Nanak’s religious ideas developed from both Hindu and Islamic thought, but are more than a simple synthesis. Nanak was an original spiritual thinker and he voiced his thoughts and ideas in poetry which forms the basis of Sikh scripture. Little is known about the life of Nanak, however, it is accepted that Nanak was born approx. 40 miles from Lahore in modern-day Pakistan) in 1469.

Sikh traditions teach that his birth and early years have been marked with several events which revealed that God had marked him out for something special and was keeping an eye on him.

This is one of the Key sacred festivals in Sikh community and Sikhs celebrate Gurupurav all over India, and notably in the Shrine (Gurdwara) representing the House of Baba Kalu (Father) and Mata Tripta (Mother) called Gurdwara Janam Asthan, situated at Rai-Bhoi-di-Talwandi at the present district of Shekhupura (currently Nanakana Sahib in Pakistan).
Sikhs from all around the world gather here and observe the Gurupurav annually with great dedication and enthusiasm.

Also Read: Dussehra 2019 Full story of Ram and Ravana

Guru Nanak Dev golden temple

Birth and early life Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Birth and early life Guru Nanak Dev Ji (he was named Nanak following his sister, Nanki) was born on October 20, 1469, into a household of the Hindu Bedi Khatri clan, from the village of Rāi Bhōi dī Talvaṇḍī, now called Nankana Sahib (after the Guru), near Lahore, Pakistan.

Today, his birthplace is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan. His dad, Kalyan Das Bedi, also referred to as Mehta Kalu, has been the patwari (accountant) of harvest earnings for the village of Talwandi under the Muslim landlord of the village, Rai Bular, who was responsible for collecting taxes. Guru Nanak’s mother was Tripta Devi, and he had one older sister, Nanaki.

Also Read: Happy Children’s day Why children’s day is celebrated?

Union and family life

Guru Nanak Dev ji family

Guru Nanak Dev ji was married to Sulakhni. His marriage took place. The marriage celebration had come to the town of Sultanpur Lodhi. He had two sons from this marriage: Sri Chand and Lakhmi Chand. The elder son was a profoundly religious man and based a sect known as Udasi. He’s known as Baba Sri Chand in Sikhism.

The term Baba describes the respectful title given to an elder. The younger son was immersed in worldly life. However, Guru Nanak didn’t nominate either of his sons. Sri Chand dwelt a long life. Upon the passing of Sri Chand, his pagri (emblem of series ) was sent to the sixth Sikh Guru, Har Gobind. The udasis, or Chairman of Sri Chand, continued to remain in the fold of Sikhism.

Also Read: Dussehra 2019 Full story of Ram and Ravana

11 facts about Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Nanak Dev ji

1. A Leader 

Gobind Rai, who would later be called as Guru Gobind Singh, was born into the ninth Guru of Sikhism, Guru Teg Bahadur and Mata Gujri at Patna Sahib or Takht Sri Patna Sahib (now in Patna).

2. SON OF A MARTYR

He was only nine when he turned into the Tenth Sikh Guru. He ascended after his father Guru Teg Bahadur admitted martyrdom at the palms of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb to shield the Kashmiri Hindus.

3. SCHOLAR AND WARRIOR

As a child, Guru Gobind Singh discovered many languages including Sanskrit, Urdu, Hindi, Braj, Gurmukhi, and Persian. He also discovered martial arts to become proficient in combat.

Also Read: Ganesh Chaturthi 2019 How to Celebrate

4. TO THE HILLS

Guru Gobindji’s hometown was the city of Anandpur Sahib from the current Rupnagar district at Punjab. He left the town due to a scuffle with Bhim Chand and proceeded to Nahan, a place in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, after an invitation of Mat Prakash, the king of Sirmur.

5. PREACHING IN HILLS

By Nahan, Guru Gobind Singh jumped to Paonta, a city with all the river Yamuna in South Sirmur, Himachal Pradesh. There, he founded the Paonta Sahib Gurudwara and preached concerning the Sikh principles. Paonta Sahib remains an important pilgrim site for Sikhs. Guru Gobindji also wrote texts and had a significant number of followers within three decades, the time he spent.

6. A FIGHTER

In September 1688, at the age of 19, Guru Gobind Singh fought the Battle of Bhangani contrary to an allied force of Bhim Chand, Garwal king Fateh Khan along with other local kings of the Sivalik Hills. The battle was lost. The Guru came out victorious. A description of this battle is found at Bichitra Natak or Bachittar Natak, a part of the Dasham Granth, which can be a spiritual text attributed to Guru Gobind Singh.

7. RETURN TO HOME

Also Read: Happy Children’s day Why children’s day is celebrated?

In November 1688, Guru Gobind returned to Anandpur, which became famous as Chak Nanaki, agreeing upon an invitation by the dowager queen of Bilaspur.

8. FOUNDER OF KHALSA

On March 30 in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh gathered his followers into his house in Anandpur. He asked for a volunteer to forfeit his mind because of his brothers. Daya Ram offered his mind along with the Guru took him inside a tent and emerged with a bloody sword.

He again asked for a volunteer and repeated the feat. This went on for three more times. At last, Guru emerged from the tent together with all the five volunteers and five headless hens were located in the tent. These five Sikh volunteers were named as Panj Pyaare or’five loved ones’ from the Guru.

Also Read: Diwali 2019 How to celebrate Diwali in 2019

The five volunteers were Daya Ram, also known as Bhai Daya Singh; Dharam Das, also known as Bhai Dharam Singh; Himmat Rai, also known as Bhai Himmat Singh; Mohkam Chand, also Called Bhai Mohkam Singh; and Sahib Chand, also Called Bhai Sahib Singh. They had been the very first Sikhs.

9. KHALSA, THE MEANS OF LIFE

In the gathering of 1699, Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa Vani -“Waheguru Ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji ki Fateh”. He named his followers all with the title Singh, meaning lion. He also founded the principles of Khalsa or the Five’K.

The five’K’s are the five principles of life which should be followed by a Khalsa. These include Kesh or hair, which means to make the hair uncut to show acceptance to the shape God intended people to be; Kangha or wooden spoon, as a symbol of cleanliness.

Kara or iron bracelet, as a marker to remind a Khalsa of self-restraint; Kacchera or knee-length shorts, to be worn out with a Khalsa to be constantly prepared to enter battle on horseback; and Kirpan, a sword to defend oneself and also the bad, the weak and the oppressed from all religions, castes and creeds.

10. FIGHTING THE MUGHALS

After continued conflicts with Garwali and Mughal leaders, Guru Gobind Singh wrote a letter to Aurangzeb in Persian, which was later famously named as Zafarnama or the Epistle of Victory, reminding him of the misdeed that the Mughals had completed to the Sikhs. He fought against the Mughals afterward in the battle of Muktsar in 1705.

Also Read: Diwali 2019 How to celebrate Diwali in 2019

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *